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Leadership styles are behavioral adaption to specific market situation. The more you’re able to execute leadership styles to specific situations the more valuable you’re for industries and companies.

StyleCharacteristicsWhen UsefulWeaknesses
CoerciveLeader gives orders
and expects to be obeyed
Turnaround Situations
Dealing with problem employees
Inhibits organisation flexibility

Weakens employeed motivation
AuthoritativeLeader establishes goal and pushes people to followBusiness is adrift and needs direction
Business is in a downturn
Leader’s goal may not be the best one.
Experts may disagree with the leader
AffiliativeLeader assumes a “people comes first attitude”.Need to build team cohesion
Need to raise low morale
May allow poor employee performance unchecked
Employee may not have sense of direction
DemocracticLeader gives employees role in decision-making.Need to build organisational flexibility and responsibilityMay result in indecision and a sense of confusion
PacesettingLeader sets high performance standardsHighly motivated employees can work on their own.May feel overwhelming for employees who cannot attain the standards
CoachingLeader focuses on personal developmentEmployees want to change and improve personallyNot successful when employees are resistant to change
Leading People , Harvard Business School Press