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The automotive industry has always been a hotbed for innovation, with companies constantly pushing the boundaries of technology, design, and manufacturing to create vehicles that are safer, more efficient, and more enjoyable to drive.

Here are the top 10 business innovations in the automotive industry:

1. Innovator: Tesla
Name: Elon Musk
Background: Entrepreneur and business magnate
Innovation: Electric Vehicles (EVs)
Strategy: To make EVs mainstream by creating high-performance, luxury electric cars.
Actions: Launched the Roadster, Model S, Model X, Model 3, and Model Y. Success Factors: High-quality products, strong brand image, and innovative marketing strategies.

2. Innovator: Toyota
Name: Kiichiro Toyoda
Background: Industrialist and founder of Toyota Industries
Innovation: Lean Manufacturing
Strategy: To eliminate waste in all areas of production.
Actions: Implemented the Toyota Production System (TPS).
Success Factors: Increased efficiency, reduced costs, and improved product quality.

3. Innovator: Ford Motor Company
Name: Henry Ford
Background: Industrialist and founder of Ford Motor Company
Innovation: Assembly Line Production
Strategy: To mass-produce cars at a lower cost.
Actions: Introduced the first moving assembly line in 1913.
Success Factors: Lowered production costs, reduced prices for consumers, and revolutionized manufacturing.

4. Innovator: General Motors (GM)
Name: Charles Kettering
Background: Inventor and head of research at GM
Innovation: Electric Starter Motor
Strategy: To make cars easier to start and safer to operate.
Actions: Introduced the electric starter motor in 1912.
Success Factors: Improved safety and convenience for drivers.

5. Innovator: Volvo
Name : Nils Bohlin
Background: Swedish mechanical engineer
Innovation: Three-point Seat Belt
Strategy: To improve safety in automotive design.
Actions: Introduced the three-point seat belt in 1959.
Success Factors: Saved countless lives and became a standard feature in all cars.

6. Innovator: Mercedes-Benz
Name: Gottlieb Daimler and Karl Benz
Background: Inventors and founders of Mercedes-Benz
Innovation: Internal Combustion Engine
Strategy: To create a more efficient and reliable power source for vehicles. Actions: Developed the first practical internal combustion engine in 1886. Success Factors: Revolutionized transportation and set the standard for modern vehicle engines.

7. Innovator: Google
Name: Sergey Brin & Larry Page
Background: Computer scientists and co-founders of Google
Innovation: Autonomous Vehicles (Self-driving cars)
Strategy: To make transportation safer, more efficient, and more convenient. Actions: Launched Waymo, a subsidiary dedicated to developing self-driving technology.
Success Factors: Advanced technology, strong brand image, and extensive resources.

8. Innovator: BMW
Name : Norbert Reithofer
Background : Mechanical Engineer and former CEO of BMW
Innovation : EfficientDynamics
Strategy : To reduce CO2 emissions and improve fuel efficiency without compromising performance.
Actions : Introduced EfficientDynamics technology across its range of vehicles. Success Factors : Improved fuel efficiency, reduced emissions, and maintained high performance.

9. Innovator: Uber
Name : Travis Kalanick & Garrett Camp
Background : Entrepreneurs and co-founders of Uber
Innovation : Ride-sharing Platform
Strategy : To disrupt traditional taxi services with a convenient, app-based service.
Actions : Launched Uber in 2009, expanding to cities worldwide.
Success Factors : Convenient service, competitive pricing, and widespread adoption.

10. Innovator: Nissan
Name : Carlos Ghosn
Background : Businessman and former CEO of Nissan
Innovation : Mass-market Electric Vehicle
Strategy : To make electric vehicles affordable and practical for the average consumer.
Actions : Launched the Nissan Leaf, the world’s first mass-market electric vehicle.
Success Factors : Affordable pricing, practical design, and environmental benefits.

In conclusion, these major business innovations in the automotive industry have not only revolutionized the way we drive but also how vehicles are produced. They have led to improvements in safety, efficiency, convenience, and environmental impact. The innovators behind these advancements have shown remarkable foresight and creativity, proving that innovation is key to progress in the automotive industry.